Unintended Pregnancy Rates,
by State in 2006
• 36%-42% •
• 43%-49% •
• 50%-56% •
• 57%-62% •
• 63%-69% •
Following gains in state legislatures and governorships after the 2010 elections, republican controlled states pass 92 measures restricting access to abortion, nearly 4 times as many as any other year prior. By the end of the year, 15 states (Idaho, Utah, North Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Missouri, Kentucky, Indiana, Virginia, Tennessee, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana and Arizona) pass laws prohibiting insurance companies from covering abortions- and 5 states passed laws prohibiting abortions after the 20 weeks of pregnancy.
Feb. 19, 2011: Republican controlled United States House of Representatives pass eliminating funding for Title X - but it does not clear congressional budget negotiations.
Feb. 8, 2012: The Guttmacher Institute announces that teen birth and abortion rates lowest since 1972.
Feb. 15, 2012: The Virginia House of Delegates passed House Bill 1 in a vote that effectively outlaws all Virginia abortions. This will only take effect if Roe v. Wade is overturned.
Feb. 22, 2012: A federal judge strikes down a Washington state law requiring all pharmacies in the state to offer Plan B.
The 1990s saw more conservative judges replace some of the old liberal guard, and as a consequence, provisions to restrict aboriton came into place. The first of these was Planned Parenthood v. Casey, the first Supreme Court case which included conservative judges Scalia and Thomas together along with Chief Justice Rehnquist; the court case was a bitter one, split 5-4, where three judges wrote the majority opinion and which allowed restrictions by states on abortion.
While the number of abortions and abortion providers rises, states quickly act to limit access to abortion via their state legislatures. During the first decade after the Roe v Wade ruling, the Supreme Court remains rather liberal in upholding access to abortions, and rejects limitations placed by states. During this time, abortion supporters enjoy the protections of rulings by liberal Justice's Brennan, Blackburn and Marshall.
The notion of a conscience clause is born out of conscientious objectors in the 1960s during the Vietnam War. This notion was applied legislatively at the state level to those who oppose abortion and contraception for religious reasons, allowing them to deny service if they object. Religious objectors and conservative politicians are attempting to apply this clause to all employers who object to providing health insurance which covers birth control, regardless of the employees religious beliefs.
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