Discussion
NTC Closes in on Victory
  • Sep. 1: Libya’s National Transitional Council extends surrender deadline for tribal leaders in Gaddafi’s hometown of Sirte in order to avoid more fighting.
  • Sep. 8: Interpol issues an arrest warrant for Gaddafi. Health Minister Naji Barakat of the National Transitional Council reports that half of an estimated 30,000 dead were thought to be pro-Gaddafi fighters.
  • Sep. 11: The Sunday Telegraph reports possible act of ethnic cleansing in the town of Taworgha; mostly black inhabitants displaced.
  • Sep. 15: Senior NATO leaders, including the President of France Nicolas Sarkozy, fly to Libya to meet with Mustafa Abdul Jalil, the leader of the National Transitional Council, and others.
  • Sep. 16: Rebels lay siege to Sirte and Bani Wilid.

With the war effectively over, the more difficult part of a revolution is set to begin: the development of a new government, preferably one that represents the ideals that led to the revolution.

However, the ethnic cleansing at Taworgha happened under the still-incomplete control of the NTC, raising questions. 

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NTC Takes Tripoli in Massive Advance
  • Aug. 8: The NTC fires its executive board and asks the chairman to recommend new members for it.
  • Aug. 13: Rebels attack Zawiya. The city takes several days to secure.
  • Aug. 21: Rebels begin their attack on Tripoli.
  • Aug. 23: Rebels take control of Ra's Lanuf and advance towards Bin Jawad and Sirte.
  • Aug. 30: The rebels establish control over the majority of Libya, including all the largest cities.

Throughout the latter half of August, the NTC and its forces made major advances, taking several cities across the country, including Tripoli. This left only a few towns under Ghaddafi's control and the NTC as the current government of Libya.

Sep. 5: Troops loyal to Gaddafi cross the Niger border arriving in Agadez.

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Fighting Ramps Up as Rebels Move to Attack
  • Jul. 8: Gaddafi issues another audio message broadcast through state television, exclaiming that NATO, the rebels and others who oppose his rule will be trampled "under the feet of the Libyan masses".
  • Jul. 9: Four boats with 1,401 migrants from Libya land on the Italian island of Lampedusa.
  • Jul. 15: Japan and the US formally recognize the NTC as sole legitimate representative of Libya.
  • Jul. 18: The rebels take control of Brega.
  • Jul. 23: Several thousand people gather in the center of Sirte, Gaddafi's hometown, during a series of pro-Gaddafi rallies.

NTC forces become more cohesive, taking action against rogue rebel groups. The NTC makes progress this month against the Loyalists, but its minor.

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Several Nations Recognize the NTC, Fighting Continues
  • Jun. 1: NATO extends its mission for an additional ninety days.
  • Jun. 7: Gaddafi appears on live audio broadcast and vows to stay in Libya "dead or alive".
  • Jun. 9: Nations supporting the opposition agree to finance the NTC with over $1.1 billion USD as the rebel finance minister announces plans to gradually restore oil exports in the west. The US and Australia recognize the NTC as the legitimate interlocutor of Libya, one step below formal diplomatic recognition.
  • Jun. 14: The US House of Representatives approved an amendment blocking additional funding for its military operations in Libya, effectively limiting the length of time US forces can continue their operation to two more months, without US Congressional approval of war.
  • Jun. 27: The International Criminal Court in The Hague, Netherlands, issues an arrest warrant for Gaddafi, his son and his head of intelligence.

The US Congress failed to pass two bills, one authorizing the US intervention in Libya, and one cutting the funding for it. It seems that while Congressional representatives and senators may have disagreed with the president's choice to take action, they were also unwilling to stand against him.

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Ghaddafi's Forces Are Slowly Pushed Back
  • May 1: Russia condemns NATO's bombing of Ghaddafi's complex, saying they were there to protect, not kill Libyans.
  • May 11: Rebels take Misrata's airport from the Loyalists after weeks of battle throughout the city, effectively securing control of Misrata.
  • May 17: Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court had issued a request for an arrest warrant against Gaddafi for crimes against humanity.
  • May 27: Russia joins many Western countries' demands for Gaddafi to leave power.

The rebels are effectively stablized in this month, with the loyalists falling back from their attacks in the east part of the country and Mirata coming under the full control of the rebels. NATO expands their bombing runs to Tripoli and other areas, putting the loyalists on the defensive.

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NATO Intensifies Efforts, Back and Forth Combat Between Loyalists and Rebels
  • Throughout the month: Brutal fighting at Misrata, constant skirmishes at various other locations.
  • Apr. 8: UNICEF reported, based upon consistent reports from local sources, that pro-Gaddafi snipers in Misrata showed a pattern of indiscriminately targeting children.
  • Apr. 14: The BRICS nations believe that the situation in Libya should be resolved through diplomatic means. (Add explanatory hover for BRICs).
  • Apr. 17: Thousands of Libyans flee to Tunisia.
  • Apr. 20: France, the UK and Italy announce they will send army advisers to help the rebels. The US sends $25 million of non-lethal supplies.

The decision of NATO countries to step up their bombing and send military advisers to the rebels is a serious force multiplier, as with even a little training and organization, the rebels could be a much more potent fighting force. This is likely the turning point in the civil war.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_2011_Libyan_civil_war
Revolution Widens, No-fly Zone Implemented by International Forces
  • Throughout the month: Various Gaddafi forces defect to the rebels in small groups. There is heavy fighting around Benghazi, Brega, Ra's Lanuf, Bin Jawad, Zawiya, Ajdabiya, Misrata.
  • Mar. 1: Rebels and various international leaders consider the possibility of international military intervention under the UN banner.
  • Mar. 10: Zawiya retaken by Gaddafi's forces.
  • Mar. 17: The UN Security Council approves a no-fly zone in Libya.
  • Mar. 18: The Libyan government says it has declared a ceasefire and will stop all military operations, but continues to shell rebel-controlled cities with artillery.
  • Mar. 19: International military operations begin, initially called Operation Odessey Dawn under US command. Air and missile strikes performed by French, British and US forces near Benghazi.
  • Mar. 31: NATO takes command of international military operations, now known as Operation Unified Protector.

For the first half of the month, Gaddafi's forces moved along the coast, capturing several cities in succession. It is likely that Benghazi, as the de-facto capital of the rebel forces, was their primary target. On 19th, Gaddafi's forces reached Benghazi and began attacking. Coallition forces, in their first set of attacks, destroyed various tanks, artillery and supplies, forcing them to retreat.

In the following days, as coallition forces destroyed loyalist units and equipment throughout Libya, the rebels began to push back.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_2011_Libyan_civil_war Source five Source six
Protests Begin in Force, Develop into Revolution
  • Feb. 15: Protests begin in Benghazi, with 500+ people demonstrating in front of the police headquarters.
  • Feb. 17: Day of Rage/Revolt. The National Conference for the Libyan Opposition helped organize the day and all groups opposed to Gaddafi to protest. Police and army withdraw from Benghazi the following day.
  • Feb. 20: Protests expand to Tripoli, where an estimated 600-700 protesters were killed as they tried to take control of the Green Square.
  • Feb. 22: Abdul Fatah Younis, who held the position of top general and interior minister, resigned and called for the army and police to fight Gaddafi and his regime. Mercenaries were flown in to Tripoli to put down the protests.
  • Feb. 24: Battles in Misrata and Zawiya start. Protestors take control of Tobruk; army units join them and pledge to fight Gaddafi.
  • Feb. 26: Obama urges Gaddafi to step down.
  • Feb. 27: The National Transitional Council is formed in Benghazi.
  • Feb. 28: The US Navy began positioning several ships near the coast of Libya. The US froze $30 billion of assets belonging to the Libyan government, the largest amount of assets ever frozen.

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_2011_Libyan_civil_war Source two Source three
Libyans Protest Subsidized Housing Delays, Jamal al-Hajji Calls for Demonstrations
  • Dec. 17: Protests in Tunisia begin.
  • Jan. 13: Delays and government corruption lead to protests by local residents in Darnah over housing units they had been waiting for for years. The protests spread to Al Bayda, Darnah, Benghazi, Bani Walid and other cities on the succeeding days.
  • Jan. 25: Protests break out in Egypt. On the same day, Safai Eddine Hilal Sherif, known for his public calls against corruption in Libya, was arrested.
  • Late Jan.: Jamal al-Hajji, a writer and political commentator, called for

The self-immolations and protests that sparked the Tunisian Revolution demonstrated that protesting was now not only easy to organize but difficult to stop. The rise of the internet, cell phones and related communication mediums had the three-fold effect of allowing rapid and difficult to detect organization of protests, quick and efficient media coverage that was difficult to suppress, and easy access to that media.

Multiple arrests were made of known political disidents, but this primarily served to make things worse and spark more protests.

The details tab can have all the crap that's of secondary importance, or not notable enough to go in facts/analysis. Ideally, it should fill in the gaps if a reader goes through the facts/analysis sections and feel its not quite complete, or they need something more. 

http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/node/297407 Libya protest over housing enters its third day http://www.ikhwanweb.com/article.php?id=27985 http://www.amnesty.org/en/news-and-updates/libyan-writer-detained-following-protest-call-2011-02-08
Muammar Gaddafi
  • Ruler of Libya from 1969 until 2011.
  • High degree of control and ownership of most of Libya's economy. Wealth was concentrated heavily among family members.
  • Renounced WMD development in 2003.

Eccentric. Favored the creation of a pan-arabic state. Improved quality of life for the majority of Libyans in the years after he took power, though his efforts in this area faded over the years.

  • Source three
  • Source four
Libya
  • Location: North Africa. Bordered by Egypt to the east, Chad to the south, Algeria and Tunisia to the west, and the Mediteranian Sea to the north.
  • Size: Approx. 680,000 sq. miles, more than double that of Texas. 17th largest country in the world.
  • Population: 6.4 million (2010 estimate).
  • Largest Cities: Tripoli (capital), Benghazi, Misrata, Zawiya.
  • Oil provides vast majority of export earnings and comprises 30% of GDP.

Libya is an oil-producing state in north Africa, across from Italy and Greece on the Mediteranian. Its cities and population are heavily concentrated along the northern coast. The interior of the country is primarily desert. The country has a natural cultural/geographical divide, with the east side, centered around Benghazi, closer to/bordering Egypt, while the west side, centered around Tripoli, borders Tunisia.

When the protests evolved into a revolution, Gadaffi was able to secure most of the areas around Tripoli (with the exception of Misrata), while the rebels based themselves in Benghazi. This resulted in several small towns (Brega, Ra's Lanuf, Ajdabiya) between the two aquiring high tactical value. Much of the war that followed has focused on these areas.

Tunisia and Egypt, located on either side of Libya, both had revolutions start in the months prior to Libya.

  • Source one
  • Source two

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Alex 3:28 AM - 02 Dec 2011

Test comment

herpderp 11:29 PM - 06 Dec 2011

I’m herping the derp all up in herp!

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The war in Libya was a costly, pointless endeavor, especially given the current over-extended state of our military.
False

US actions in Libya were, by comparison to our other operations, cheap. The war in Iraq cost roughly 50 times more per day (and naturally hundreds of times more overall, given its longer duration). While the value of the war is more difficult to determine, NATO efforts to assist the rebels were directly responsible in helping topple Ghaddafi, as desired by the majority of the Libyan population.