With the war effectively over, the more difficult part of a revolution is set to begin: the development of a new government, preferably one that represents the ideals that led to the revolution.
However, the ethnic cleansing at Taworgha happened under the still-incomplete control of the NTC, raising questions.
Throughout the latter half of August, the NTC and its forces made major advances, taking several cities across the country, including Tripoli. This left only a few towns under Ghaddafi's control and the NTC as the current government of Libya.
Sep. 5: Troops loyal to Gaddafi cross the Niger border arriving in Agadez.
NTC forces become more cohesive, taking action against rogue rebel groups. The NTC makes progress this month against the Loyalists, but its minor.
The US Congress failed to pass two bills, one authorizing the US intervention in Libya, and one cutting the funding for it. It seems that while Congressional representatives and senators may have disagreed with the president's choice to take action, they were also unwilling to stand against him.
The rebels are effectively stablized in this month, with the loyalists falling back from their attacks in the east part of the country and Mirata coming under the full control of the rebels. NATO expands their bombing runs to Tripoli and other areas, putting the loyalists on the defensive.
The decision of NATO countries to step up their bombing and send military advisers to the rebels is a serious force multiplier, as with even a little training and organization, the rebels could be a much more potent fighting force. This is likely the turning point in the civil war.
For the first half of the month, Gaddafi's forces moved along the coast, capturing several cities in succession. It is likely that Benghazi, as the de-facto capital of the rebel forces, was their primary target. On 19th, Gaddafi's forces reached Benghazi and began attacking. Coallition forces, in their first set of attacks, destroyed various tanks, artillery and supplies, forcing them to retreat.
In the following days, as coallition forces destroyed loyalist units and equipment throughout Libya, the rebels began to push back.
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The self-immolations and protests that sparked the Tunisian Revolution demonstrated that protesting was now not only easy to organize but difficult to stop. The rise of the internet, cell phones and related communication mediums had the three-fold effect of allowing rapid and difficult to detect organization of protests, quick and efficient media coverage that was difficult to suppress, and easy access to that media.
Multiple arrests were made of known political disidents, but this primarily served to make things worse and spark more protests.
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Eccentric. Favored the creation of a pan-arabic state. Improved quality of life for the majority of Libyans in the years after he took power, though his efforts in this area faded over the years.
Libya is an oil-producing state in north Africa, across from Italy and Greece on the Mediteranian. Its cities and population are heavily concentrated along the northern coast. The interior of the country is primarily desert. The country has a natural cultural/geographical divide, with the east side, centered around Benghazi, closer to/bordering Egypt, while the west side, centered around Tripoli, borders Tunisia.
When the protests evolved into a revolution, Gadaffi was able to secure most of the areas around Tripoli (with the exception of Misrata), while the rebels based themselves in Benghazi. This resulted in several small towns (Brega, Ra's Lanuf, Ajdabiya) between the two aquiring high tactical value. Much of the war that followed has focused on these areas.
Tunisia and Egypt, located on either side of Libya, both had revolutions start in the months prior to Libya.
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US actions in Libya were, by comparison to our other operations, cheap. The war in Iraq cost roughly 50 times more per day (and naturally hundreds of times more overall, given its longer duration). While the value of the war is more difficult to determine, NATO efforts to assist the rebels were directly responsible in helping topple Ghaddafi, as desired by the majority of the Libyan population.